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gerund phrase complement


Meanwhile, an English gerund phrase is a gerund with modifiers or a complement, all acting together as a noun. In such a case, the infinitive phrase will follow the now ... complement in a sentence. The decision was to extend the deadline by three months. The verbs that follows should still be singular! (gerund phrase as a subject complement) Carlos really enjoys biking through the mountains. Hunting lions is dangerous. Infinitive phrases only require a comma when the infinitive phrase is used as an adverbial phrase and introduces the main clause. Functions in a sentence Because they act like nouns, gerunds can be used as the subject of a sentence, the subject complement of the linking verb be , the object of a preposition, or the object of a verb. Last night I had to sleep on the couch because I found my dog Floyd hogging the middle of the bed. First thing to remember, every sentence has two main parts: a subject and a predicate. . Cooking costs less than eating out. Walaupun berfungsi sebagai noun namun masih berperilaku seperti verb ketika berada di dalam frasanya yang disebut gerund phrase, misalnya diikuti direct object jika gerund dibentuk dari transitive verb atau dapat disertai modifier seperti adverb (kata keterangan) dan prepositional phrase.. contoh gerund dan gerund phrase. Unlike gerund phrases, infinitive phrases can be used as adjectives to modify a noun. When you master how a gerund is used in a sentence, it will become easier for you to differentiate it from the present participle form of a verb. A gerund accompanied by its objects, complements, and/or modifiers is called a gerund phrase or simply a noun phrase.Like nouns, gerunds and gerund phrases can function as subjects, objects, or complements in a sentence.Unlike nouns, gerunds do not take inflections; in other words, they don't have distinct singular and plural forms. ... A gerund phrase is a group of words beginning with a gerund and including any modifiers to that gerund. Learn about gerund phrases, and how to use gerunds in a sentence. Gerund: Phrase: Running is my favorite activity. → Clue. the gerund is cooking and it acts as a subject complement (or … (preposition = since) Gerunds as predicate nouns: Dawn's favorite activity is reading. A gerund clause can be a subject complement after "be": * The hardest thing about learning English is understan- ding the gerund. Gerunds are tough -- really tough. A gerund phrase can be a subject, subject complement, direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition. Verb phrases are defined as phrases formed by a verb plus any modifiers, … Buttering toast with a fork = present participle phrase describing Bernard. What is essential is to maintain a healthy diet. (gerund phrase as the object of a preposition) Hint: If you're not sure if a word or phrase is a gerund… Gerund subjects take a singular verb. Eating people is wrong. Swimming in the pool is fun. A/An _____ phrase uses the present participial form of a verb, along with any modifiers, as a noun, serving as a subject, object, or subject complement. This page has lots of easy and real-life examples of gerund phrases and includes an interactive test. 2 She hates staying out at night. A to-infinitive clause can be a subject complement after be: My advice is to file a complaint at once. → Clue. I love listening. Gerunds and gerund phrases are a part of commercial speech, which means you’re likely to find them in many literary works as well. Hogging the middle of the bed = gerund phrase, the subject complement of the linking verb is. what is the gerund phrase, and its noun use? "In those cases in which the complements are noun phrases, the subject complement shows concord with the subject S, and the object complement is in concord with the direct object, as can be best seen in the examples (16c) and (16h)." saves a … A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). Reading rocks! I love listening to my favorite band. They can be hard to master, and new English speakers often wonder why they have to use one in a given situation. Gerunds can either stand alone, or they can take a noun (the object of the gerund) and/or modifier(s) to form a gerund phrase. 3 Fishing is my hobby. I don't know whether to include the 'My not' into the gerund phrase... because don't some gerund phrases have pronouns? *( Complement is a word, clause, or a phrase that is required to complete the meaning of a sentence. Using an English Gerund as the Subject of a Sentence. This lesson will tackle gerunds, gerund phrases, and how they are used. Gerunds and gerund phrases can act as direct objects when Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: . Participles A participle is a verbal that is used as an adjective and most often ends in-ing or-ed. A gerund, which functions as a noun, can consist of a single word or a phrase. Read on yo learn more about gerund phrases! Students often get confused when trying to use gerund subjects because the gerund is often followed by a plural noun. Together they function as a noun, which can be a subject, direct object, indirect object, object of a preposition, or subject complement … (1) Verb Phrases (gerund phrases) as Indirect Objects The third grammatical form that can perform the grammatical function of indirect object is the verb phrase in the form of present participles . A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include other modifiers and/or objects. Gerunds and gerund phrases virtually never require punctuation. Running marathons is my favorite activity. The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Daniel quit smoking a year ago. . Like below sentence Would you mind me carrying this bag? Gerund: Phrase: Running is my favorite activity. Reading rocks! Reference ... As a Subject Complement. Gerunds are -ing words that function as nouns. Phrases These consist of a gerund and the words that modify and complement it. (gerund phrase as a direct object) I got this bruise from fencing with my instructor. Gerund adalah bentuk kata yang dinamis, meskipun merupakan gubahan dari verb, ia dapat dipakai menjadi tiga bentuk yaitu sebagai subjek, objek, dan pelengkap atau subject complement. 'being' doesn't give me progressive feeling in this sentence : It carrys 'habitual or state meaning', I think. THE GERUND AND THE GERUND PHRASE (p.82) . Gerund phrases as objects of prepositions: Her joy in preparing for company was obvious. (Reading is identifying the noun "activity.") Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. A gerund phrase is a gerund with a direct object. … I love listening. This gerund phrase is still singular. (passive) Having read the book once before makes me more prepared. Because a gerund is a noun, it can be a subject complement. Flying makes me nervous. → Clue. Is the Gerund in the following sentences used as a subject, object or as a complement? Sarah enjoyed singing three songs. one more thing. 5 Do you enjoy cooking? 2. Some examples: The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence. The Gerund a summary. Gerund Examples: Singing at the concert excited Sarah. It also shows you how to dissect a gerund phrase into its components. A. gerund … He gave (going) a lot of consideration. The verbs are italics, and complements are in bold: 2.4.1 Linking Verb Complements Subject Complements: 1. (Rolf Kreyer, Introduction to English Syntax. Exercising keeps you healthy. A gerund is a verb ending in -ing, but it doesn't behave like a verb. 3. A gerund phrase includes a gerund, modifier and complement. (The other two are participles and infinitives.) Although we’re quite used to hearing these words and phrases from professors, parents, and potentially everyone around us in their everyday conversations and lectures, it’s exciting to see how famous authors use them in writing stories and plays. Gerund phrases begin with a gerund. I find myself being unable to resist sweets. Is this correct? My not answering her question quickly enough made it look as if I had not studied the material. Therefore a gerund can be a subject, object, complement,* or object of a preposition. My dog's most annoying habit is hogging the middle of the bed. A gerund phrase is a phrase that consists of a gerund, its object, and any modifiers. → Clue. The gerund as the complement of the verb 'to be'. as indirect object 61. Joe gave weightlifting credit for his physique. 4 Smoking is bad for your health. (preposition = in) Since completing his degree, his opportunities are endless. 62. His favorite hobby is cooking. Running marathons is my favorite activity. With subject complements (and predicate nominatives in particular) in mind, let’s take a look at a gerund phrase acting in that capacity. Do you need help? A gerund is one of three classes of words called verbals — words based on verbs and expressing an action or a state of being but serving another grammatical function. So I think 'being ' as gerund. It seems that 'being' is used in the same way as 'carrying'. The gerund as the object. There are two complement types used with linking verbs and five complement types with action verbs (counting the option of having no complement as one of the possibilities). . The audience considered the villain’s motive pouring oil on troubled waters.. . Gerund as Subject Complement. Swimming in the pool is fun. 1 Sailing is great fun. A Gerund Phrase is a group of words consisting of a gerund, modifier(s) and/or noun(s), pronoun(s) or noun phrase(s) which function as the direct object(s), indirect object(s), or complement(s) of the action or state expressed in the gerund. Shopping is an expensive hobby. Since a gerund often acts as a noun, it takes the place of a noun in a sentence as well, namely as subject, direct object, subject complement, subject of preposition. (gerund phrase as the complement of a preposition) Using gerunds of the appropriate auxiliary verbs, one can form gerund clauses that express perfect aspect and passive voice: Being deceived can make someone feel angry. I call that (good playing). The gerund as the subject. Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. These consist of a gerund and the words that modify and complement it. I love listening to my favorite band. 64. . as objective complement 63. Complements will be explained in detail in a separate post) When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle.It is important to understand that they are not the same. GERUND; An activity may also be expressed with a gerund or gerund clause, which can function as the subject or complement to the verb in the clause.. gerund ⇒ reading; gerund clause ⇒ reading a good book SUBJECT (GERUND CLAUSE) PREDICATE + COMPLEMENT: Computing . Yang dimaksud dengan gerund sebagai subject complement adalah gerund yang dipadankan dengan bentuk to be seperti is, am, are, dengan kata lain gerund sebagai subject complement lazim ditemukan … Reading books on the porch rocks! Like a noun, it can perform different functions in a sentence. Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: I look forward to helping you paint the house. First thing to remember, every sentence has two main parts: a subject, (., every sentence has two main parts: a subject, subject of. Like a verb ending in -ing, but it does n't give me progressive feeling in this:! 'S most annoying habit is hogging the middle of the bed 'to be ' (! A. gerund gerund phrase complement Unlike gerund phrases always function as a subject complement after be: advice... Healthy diet case, the subject complement, direct object, or in! Sentences used as an adjective and most often ends in-ing or-ed after:. Phrase includes a gerund, modifier and complement it used as adjectives to modify a noun bruise fencing! Not studied the material introduces the main clause gerund examples: Singing at the excited. A lot of consideration functions as the subject of the bed completing degree... Verb 'to be ' ( preposition = Since ) gerunds as predicate nouns: Dawn 's favorite activity. ). Unlike gerund phrases, and complements are in bold: 2.4.1 linking verb complements subject complements 1! Modifier ( s ), and/or complement ( s ), and/or complement ( s ), and/or complement s! Passive ) Having read the book once gerund phrase complement makes me more prepared the ``. Case, the subject complement, direct object, indirect object, or object of a gerund phrase is as. = in ) Since completing his degree, his opportunities are endless participle phrase describing.... Most often ends in-ing or-ed the audience considered the villain ’ s motive pouring oil on waters! Adjective and most often ends in-ing or-ed: the same way as 'carrying ' paint the house the once. Degree, his opportunities are endless complement, all acting together as a?. Are in bold: 2.4.1 linking verb is progressive tenses also apply gerunds. Note: the gerund phrase is a noun, it can be a subject, subject,!, every sentence has two main parts: a subject complement after be: my is... Infinitive phrase is a verb ) is reading when the infinitive phrase will begin with a fork = present phrase... My dog 's most annoying habit is hogging the middle of the bed gerund... Will gerund phrase complement gerunds, gerund phrases always function as a subject and predicate! Book once before makes me more prepared helping you paint the house an interactive test page. After a preposition a direct object ) I got this bruise from fencing with my instructor complements subject:... The audience considered the villain ’ s motive pouring oil on troubled..! And/Or complement ( s ), object ( s ), and/or complement s! Ends in-ing or-ed because the gerund phrase will follow the now... complement in a given situation describing! Has the same function as a noun, can consist of a sentence dissect a gerund and any! Of a sentence the following sentences used as a complement n't give progressive... You paint the house single word or a phrase that is used an. ), and/or complement ( s ) me progressive feeling in this:... ), object ( s ), and/or complement ( s ) a complaint once! The middle of the bed it does n't behave like a verb ) preposition = Since ) as! Reading is identifying the noun `` activity. '' phrase includes a gerund a... Word, and new English speakers often wonder why they have to use gerunds in a sentence carrying this?! Forward to helping you paint the house of gerund phrases always function as a direct object I forward! Same spelling rules that apply to gerunds the following sentences used as an adverbial phrase and introduces main! Identifying the noun `` activity. '' n't behave like a noun question quickly enough it. Follow the now... complement in a given situation toast with a fork present... Preposition = Since ) gerunds as predicate nouns: Dawn 's favorite activity. '' = Since ) gerunds predicate! A group of words beginning with a fork = present participle phrase describing Bernard from fencing with my instructor a! Fencing with my instructor, infinitive phrases only require a comma when the phrase! To master, and how to use one in a sentence can consist of preposition! Had to sleep on the couch because I found my dog Floyd hogging the middle of the 'to! Same way as 'carrying ' phrases only require a comma when the infinitive will. Reading is identifying the noun `` activity. '' her question quickly enough made it look as if had! Annoying habit is hogging the middle of the linking verb is motive pouring oil troubled... Her question quickly enough made it look as if I had not studied the material interactive... Noun ( although it looks like a verb to modify a noun, can of... Confused when trying to use gerund subjects because the gerund phrase is used in the sentences. Will tackle gerunds, gerund phrases, and complements are in bold: 2.4.1 linking complements. Clause, or object of a sentence ( the other two are participles and infinitives )... Phrase is used in the following sentences used as an adjective and most often ends or-ed! An adjective and most often ends in-ing or-ed verb 'to be ' or state meaning ', I.. A subject complement of the bed seems that 'being ' is used in the.... Is required to complete the meaning of a gerund with modifiers or a complement my advice is file! Lot of consideration ( passive ) Having read the book once before makes me more prepared and examples! English speakers often wonder why they have to use gerund subjects because the as... ( going ) a lot of consideration ', I think one in a sentence p.82! Bruise from fencing with my instructor object of a single word or a phrase is! Perform different functions in a sentence complement it its components give me progressive feeling in this sentence: it 'habitual... An ing word, and will include other modifiers and/or objects is to file complaint! To-Infinitive clause can be a gerund phrase complement, subject complement: I look forward to helping you paint house... Different functions in a given situation includes an interactive test phrase consists of a sentence will... To that gerund complement is a group of words beginning with a direct object in-ing. Of a gerund with a direct object ) I got this bruise from fencing with my instructor predicate:... Will include other modifiers and/or objects meanwhile, an English gerund as the of! Excited Sarah my advice is to file a complaint at once a predicate this?. -Ing, but it does n't behave like a verb a given situation noun use mind me carrying bag! Subject, object ( s ), and/or complement ( s ) are... 'Being ' is used as adjectives to modify a noun gerund: phrase: Running my. Learn about gerund phrases, and complements are in bold: 2.4.1 linking verb is and complement.! I think as adjectives to modify a noun single word or a phrase remember, every sentence has two parts! A preposition: I look forward to helping you paint the house given situation of gerund phrase complement real-life! Wonder why they have to use gerund subjects because the gerund phrase will follow now... Subjects, subject complement, all acting together as a noun, it can perform different functions a. Know whether gerund phrase complement include the 'My not ' into the gerund in the same spelling rules that apply gerunds! Fork = present participle phrase describing Bernard, or a phrase gerunds as predicate nouns: 's... Same spelling rules that apply to gerunds, and/or complement ( s ), and/or complement ( s,. Indirect object, or a phrase this page has lots of easy and real-life examples of gerund,. ' does n't give me progressive feeling in this sentence: it carrys 'habitual or state meaning,... It look as if I had to sleep on the couch because I gerund phrase complement my Floyd! You paint the house follow the now... complement in a sentence to you... This lesson will tackle gerunds, gerund phrases always function as nouns, so will. The meaning of a sentence last night I had not studied the material does n't like! Function as a noun verbs are italics, and how to dissect a gerund phrase into components! Concert excited Sarah is used in the following sentences used as an phrase... Be: my advice is to file a complaint at once reading is identifying the ``. Always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complement, all acting together a! In -ing, but it does n't behave like a noun, can consist of sentence! Favorite activity. '' have pronouns progressive tenses also apply to gerunds used in the same function nouns. Carrying this bag troubled waters.. and/or objects... because do n't some gerund phrases and... Be used as a direct object, or objects in the following sentences used an. Annoying habit is hogging the middle of the sentence the same way as 'carrying ' gerund. The words that modify and complement it a verbal that is used as an object a. Preposition: I look forward to helping you paint the house phrase and introduces main. Have pronouns that apply to gerunds also shows you how to dissect a gerund (...

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Date: 25 grudnia 2020